70 years ago, on this very day, Gandhiji’s dream of living in a unified India broke, as Muhammad Ali Jinnah managed to carve a separate country for Muslims. His efforts lead to formation of Pakistan, which was carved out from Punjab and comprised mainly of Muslims. The partition bought with it a blood saga, which murdered humanity and inscribed a permanent blot on India’s history.
70 years on, both the countries are moving on separate paths of development although the pain of partition still lingers on. India has made massive inroads in improving life expectancy, literacy, but still lags behind when it comes to income equality or infant mortality rate.
Here’s The Comparison Of How India and Pakistan Have Changed In The Last 70 Years:
1- National Income( Gross Domestic Product)
GDP, which reflects the health of a country’s economy and represents the average income of a country’s resident, has improved for India but not that much.
India’s GDP has increased 21 times in the last 70 years, from $81.3 (Rs 1,705) in 1960 to $1709.4 (Rs 1,14,530) in 2016, according to World Bank.
Pakistan’s GDP has increased from $82.5 in 1960 to $1468.2 in 2016. In 1960, Pakistan’s GDP was 1.5% higher than India but over the years, India has shown a faster growth and in 2016, India’s GDP per capita was 16.4% higher than Pakistan.
2- Infant Mortality Rate
IMR, which means the number of babies per 1000 who died before their first birthday, has always been an issue for developing countries.
In 1960, India witnessed death of 165 children per 1000 live births while Pakistan witnessed death of 192 children.
By 2015, India’s IMR reduced by 76% to just 38 deaths per 1000 live births, while Pakistan’s IMR reduced by 65% to 66 deaths per 1000 births.
3- Life Expectancy
India’s average life expectancy, which was 41 years in 1960, has increased by 65.8% to 68 years in 2015. Pakistan’s progress has also been par with India, registering a 65% growth in Life Expectancy.
But inspite of registering a positive growth, both India and Pakistan need to improve substantially on this parameter.
4- Literacy Rate
India’s literacy rate, which was at an abysmal rate of 20% in 1951, with only 2 out of 10 people able to read or write, has improved substantially to 74.4% in 2015.
Pakistan has also witnessed a growth in literacy rate, although it is still way below India, with only 58% of it’s population receiving education.
Though India fares better than Pakistan in most of the parameters, it is still way behind most of the developed South East Asian countries. With India observing it’s 70th Independence day tomorrow, expectations are at an all time high from our leaders to promote and encourage inclusive development in India.
Source: Hindustan Times